7 Facts” You Learned In School That Are No Longer True

Over time, even facts we consider steadfast truths can change. People used to think doctors could forgo washing their hands before surgery. Knowledge is ever-evolving.

The sevenideas below probably changed since your school days. Re-educate yourself.

THEN: Pluto is a planet

NOW: Pluto isn’t a planet

We’ve known since the late 1800s that a ninth planet, after Uranus, potentially existed. In 1906, Percival Lowell, the founder of the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, even began a research project intended to locate the mysterious “Planet X.”

Then in 1930, a 23-year-old newbie at the facility found it. The discoverer, Clyde Tombaugh, had been tasked with systematically comparing photographs of the sky taken weeks apart to search for any moving objects. He eventually saw one and submitted his finding to the Harvard College Observatory. After an 11-year-old English girl named the new planet (for the Roman god of the underworld), we started including Pluto as a planet in our solar system.

But in 2003, an astronomer found a larger object beyond Pluto which he named Eris, according to NASA. The new information caused a bunch of other astronomers to question what really makes a planet a planet, and they decided, based on size and location, that Pluto just didn’t make the cut. Neither did Eris, actually. Pluto was demoted to a dwarf planet.

Needless to say,elementary schools kids were pretty bummed.

But there may be hope. Researchers have recently been debating whether tomake Pluto a planet again.’

THEN: Diamond is the hardest substance

Wikimedia Commons

NOW: Ultrahard nanotwinned cubic boron nitride is the hardest substance

We’ve known about two substances harder than a diamond since 2009: wurtzite boron nitride and lonsdaleite, according to Scientific American. The first resists indentation with 18% more fortitude than a diamond, and the second a whopping 58%.

Unfortunately, both substances are rather unusual and unstable in nature. In fact, the study’s authors, published in the journal “Physical Review Letters,” only calculated the new substances’ hardness, instead of actually testing it using a tangible specimen. That makes the discovery a bit theoretical.

But another contender was published in the January 2013 issue of the journal Nature. In the simplest terms, researchers compressed boron nitride particles to form “ultrahard nanotwinned cubic boron nitride.” They simply re-organized the particles like an onion, or a flaky rose, or those little Russian dolls that fit inside one another, as the team explained to Wired.

As a result, expect women everywhere to startasking for ultrahard nanotwinned cubic boron nitride engagement rings. Because those really areforever.

THEN: Witches in Salem were burned at the stake

Wikimedia Commons

NOW: They were actually hanged

Even if you didn’t read Arthur Miller’s”The Crucible“in high school, you probably learned somewhere that the townspeople of Salem burned witches at the stake.

But that never happened, according to Richard Trask, a town archivist for Danvers (formerly known as Salem Village.) He also chaired the Salem Village Witchcraft Tercentennial Committee from 1990 to 1992 and wrote a book detailing the time period called”Salem Village Witch Hysteria.”

At the time of the trials, New England still followed English law, which listed witchcraft as a felony punishable by hanging not burning at the stake, Trask said. In Europe, however, the church labeled witchcraft heresy and did tie up suspected practitioners and light them on fire. You can see where the confusion started.

THEN: Israelite slaves built the pyramids

NOW: Egyptians workers built the pyramids themselves

Even movies like “The Prince Of Egypt” perpetuate the idea that slaves built the pyramids. Although many think the Bible tells us they did, the book doesn’t mention the story specifically.

This popular myth reportedly stems from comments made by former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin when visiting Egypt in 1977, according to Amihai Mazar, professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

“No Jews built the pyramids because Jews didn’t exist at the period when the pyramids were built,” Mazar told the AP.

Recent archaeological finds actually show that Egyptians built the pyramids themselves. Workers were recruited from poor families in the north and south but were highly respected, earning crypts near the pyramids and even proper preparation for burial.

Slaves wouldn’t have been treated so honorably.

THEN: Folding a piece of paper more than seven times is mathematically impossible.


NOW: The record stands at 13.

Whether in art class or science, this rumor definitely spread among the masses. But Britney Gallivan, a California high school student, didn’t bite.

She, with some volunteers, bought a giant, $85 roll oftoilet paperand proceeded to blow everyone’s mind by folding it a surprising 11 times. She realized everyone else who tried had been alternating folding directions, and even developed an equation, based on the thickness and width of the specific paper, explaining why you shouldn’t.

Gallivan was a keynote speaker at the 2006 National Council of Teachers of Mathematics convention. She graduated from the University of California, Berkeley with a degree in Environmental Science in 2007. And since then, she’s appeared on MythBusters.

In 2012, students atSt. Mark’s Schoolin Southborough, Massachusetts, brokeGallivan’s record, folding paper 13 times.

THEN: The Great Wall Of China is the only man-made structure visible from space.

NOW: Many man-made places are visible from space.

Technically, this wasn’t ever a solid “truth” just a fact third-graders ubiquitously included in their class reports and diorama presentations. In fact, rumors that you can see the landmark, not only from a spaceship, but all the way from the moon, date back as far as 1938.

In 2003 though, the first Chinese astronaut finally shattered the myth.

The party responsible, a man named Yang Liwei, admitted he couldn’t see the Great Wall from space, according to NASA.

Other photos surfaced here and there. The consensus became that you can, indeed, catch glimpses of the Wall but only under the right conditions (snow on the structure) or with a zoom-capable camera. You can also see the lights of large cities and major roadways and bridges and airports and dams and reservoirs.

The moon factoid, however, is totally wrong.

“The only thing you can see from the Moon is a beautiful sphere, mostly white, some blue and patches of yellow, and every once in a while some green vegetation,” Apollo 12 astronaut Alan Bean told NASA. “No man-made object is visible at this scale.”

To further clarify, people probably mean these structures are visible from satellites orbiting Earth but that’s not actual space.

THEN: Five (or three) kingdoms of classification exist.

Flickr/Tony Higsett

NOW: There might be as many as eight kingdoms.

Depending when you grew up, your middle school science teacher probably lectured about three main kingdoms of life animals, plants, and bacteria (monera) or five, including fungi and protists, too.

Either way, we’ve expanded our classification of life since then.

The more species we find and analyze, the more complex labeling life becomes. In addition to the five kingdoms above, we now know of archaea, previously thrown under monera. Archaea superficially look like other one-celled organisms called eubacteria, but they’re completely different.

Even larger systems exist which further divide eubacteria into two more kingdoms or separate chromista from all the other protists.

In the U.S., however, we stick with six: plants, animals, protists, fungi, archaebacteria, and eubacteria.

Christina Sterbenz contributed to a previous version of this story

Read the original article on Business Insider.Follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Copyright 2017.

Read next: 17 jokes that only smart people will really appreciate

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/seven-facts-you-learned-in-school-that-are-no-longer-true/

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UK schoolboy corrects Nasa data error – BBC News

Media captionMiles Soloman tells Radio 4’s World At One how he discovered something the Nasa experts missed

A British teenager has contacted scientists at Nasa to point out an error in a set of their own data.

A-level student Miles Soloman found that radiation sensors on the International Space Station (ISS) were recording false data.

The 17-year-old from Tapton school in Sheffield said it was “pretty cool” to email the space agency.

The correction was said to be “appreciated” by Nasa, which invited him to help analyse the problem.

“What we got given was a lot of spreadsheets, which is a lot more interesting than it sounds,” Miles told BBC Radio 4’s World at One programme.

The research was part of the TimPix project from the Institute for Research in Schools (IRIS), which gives students across the UK the chance to work on data from the space station, looking for anomalies and patterns that might lead to further discoveries.

During UK astronaut Tim Peake’s stay on the station, detectors began recording the radiation levels on the ISS.

“I went straight to the bottom of the list and I went for the lowest bits of energy there were,” Miles explained.

Miles’s teacher and head of physics, James O’Neill, said: “We were all discussing the data but he just suddenly perked up in one of the sessions and went ‘why does it say there’s -1 energy here?'”

What Miles had noticed was that when nothing hit the detector, a negative reading was being recorded.

But you cannot get negative energy. So Miles and Mr O’Neill contacted Nasa.

“It’s pretty cool”, Miles said. “You can tell your friends, I just emailed Nasa and they’re looking at the graphs that I’ve made.”

It turned out that Miles had noticed something no-one else had – including the Nasa experts.

Nasa said it was aware of the error, but believed it was only happening once or twice a year.

Miles had found it was actually happening multiple times a day.

Image copyright NASA

Prof Larry Pinksy, from the University of Houston, told Radio 4: “My colleagues at Nasa thought they had cleaned that up.

“This underscores – I think – one of the values of the IRIS projects in all fields with big data. I’m sure there are interesting things the students can find that professionals don’t have time to do.”

The professor – who works with Nasa on radiation monitors – said the correction was “appreciated more so than it being embarrassing”.

What do Miles’ friends think of his discovery?

“They obviously think I’m a nerd,” the sixth-former said. “It’s really a mixture of jealousy and boredom when I tell them all the details.”

He added: “I’m not trying to prove Nasa wrong. I want to work with them and learn from them.”

The director of IRIS, Prof Becky Parker, said this sort of “expansion of real science in the classroom” could attract more young people to STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, mathematics).

She added: “IRIS brings real scientific research into the hands of students no matter their background or the context of the school. The experience inspires them to become the next generation of scientists.”

Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-39351833

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Pupils need internet lessons to thrive online, say Lords – BBC News

Image copyright Thinkstock

Learning to survive in a world dominated by the internet should be as important for children as reading and writing, says a House of Lords report.

Lessons about online responsibilities, risks and acceptable behaviour should be mandatory in all UK schools, the Lords Communications Committee argues.

The internet is “hugely beneficial” but children need awareness of its hazards, said committee chairman Lord Best.

Industry leaders said education was key to keeping children safe online.

The Lords report builds on findings by the Children’s Commissioner for England in January that the internet is not designed for children, despite them being the biggest users by age group.

“Children inhabit a world in which every aspect of their lives is mediated through technology: from health to education, from socialising to entertainment.

“Yet the recognition that children have different needs to those of adults has not yet been fully accepted in the online world,” say the Lords.

Fake news

Lord Best added: “There is a lot of material which makes the internet harmful but it can also be hugely beneficial – a way for children to interact and find out about the world.”

However, they need to cope with online pornography, internet grooming, sexting and body image issues, he said, as well as building resilience to the addictive properties of internet games which are “designed and developed to keep users online, missing out on sleep as they stay in their bedrooms glued to the screen”.

Children also need to be aware of the dangers of fake news and covert advertising online, he added.

The report argues that “digital literacy should be the fourth pillar of a child’s education alongside reading, writing and mathematics and be resourced and taught accordingly”.

It should form the core of a new curriculum for personal social health and economic education, it adds.

It backs the government’s move to make sex and relationships education statutory in England but says PSHE should also be mandatory in all schools, with the subject included in inspections.

Image copyright Thinkstock
Image caption Too many teens miss out on sleep as they stay online ‘glued to the screen’ said Lord Best

The report notes “a worrying rise in unhappy and anxious children emerging alongside the upward trend of childhood internet use” and calls for more robust research into a “possible causal relationship” alongside immediate action to prevent children being affected.

Overall, the report says the internet should “do more to promote children’s best interests” but found self regulation by industry was “failing” and that commercial interests “very often” took priority.

Meanwhile, it adds, government responsibility is “fragmented” with little co-ordinated policy and joined-up action.

Other recommendations include:

  • Content control filters and privacy settings to be “on” by default for all customers
  • All online businesses to respond quickly to requests by children to remove content
  • A children’s digital champion to be appointed to argue for their rights at the highest levels of government
  • An industry summit, chaired by the prime minister, on redesigning the internet to serve children better

“This issue is of such critical importance for our children that the government, civil society and all those in the internet value chain must work together to improve the opportunities and support where the end user is a child,” the Lords conclude.

The Internet Services Providers Association rejected calls for stronger regulation, while backing the report’s call for better education.

James Blessing, who chairs the ISPA, said that the UK was regarded as a world leader in keeping children safe online “through a self-regulatory approach”.

“We believe the most effective response is a joint approach based on education, raising awareness and technical tools,” he said.

The government said it wanted to make the UK the safest place in the world for young people to go online.

“Ministers have begun work on a new internet safety strategy that will help make this a reality, and we will carefully consider the recommendations included in the Lords Communications Committee Report as part of this process,” said a spokesman.

Related Topics

Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-39329967

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What Will Chelsea Manning Do With Her Freedom?

Chelsea Manning will come back to a world that has changed even more than she has.

When the Army soldier was convicted by court martial in July 2013 for leaking classified material to WikiLeaks, coming out as a transgender woman shortly thereafter, public awareness of transgender issues was nowhere near what it is today.

Transgender soldiers could not serve openly in the military. The word transgender had never been uttered in a State of the Union address. There were no landmark transgender rights cases headed to the Supreme Court. Laverne Cox had just started her high-profile role in Orange is the New Black. North Carolina had sparked national backlash with discriminatory legislation that specifically targeted transgender bathroom use, nor had Target publicly defended its restroom policy. Caitlyn Jenner went by another name.

So when Manning is finally released on May 17much earlier than she would have been had President Obama not commuted the remainder her decades-long prison sentence this Januarywhat place will she find, if any, in the transgender movement of 2017?

I dont imagine her living a private life, said Chase Strangio, Mannings lawyer and a staff attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union, in an interview with The Daily Beast. I imagine her being incredibly engaged on issues that she cares aboutparticularly on issues of trans justice.

Manning herself is not scheduling new interviews at this time, according to a representative who told The Daily Beast: We are focused on Chelseas security and resettlement now and [in] the months immediately following her release.

In a lengthy statement released earlier this month, Manning said, For the first time, I can see a future for myself as Chelsea. I can imagine surviving and living as the person who I am and can finally be in the outside world.

At the end of the statement, Manning hinted at possible post-release activism: I hope to take the lessons that I have learned, the love that I have been given, and the hope that I have to work toward making life better for others.

What shape that work will take, however, remains to be seen. In the immediate aftermath of her release, Manning will remain on active duty as an Army private and be eligible for health care benefits pending the ongoing appeal of her court-martial conviction, as USA Todays Tom Vanden Brook reported, noting that she could be dishonorably discharged if the appeal is not successful.

In the meantime, Manning will not be paid and Strangio has so far raised $135,000 through a GoFundMe to cover her immediate living expenses.

The focus for everyone [right now] is just getting her out of custody safely, with tools and resources set up to support her in the coming days, and weeks, and months, said Strangio.

Manning will be primarily focused on the transition out of prison the immediate aftermath of her release, said Strangio.

Held in a mens facility at the U.S. Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth and forced to conform to male grooming standards, the Army private successfully advocated for access to medically necessary transition-related health care, receiving approval for hormone therapy in 2015 and receiving approval for sex reassignment surgery the following year after a hunger strike.

She has reportedly attempted suicide twice, receiving a solitary confinement sentence after one attempt.

Something as seemingly simple as being able to grow out her hair will be incredibly meaningful to Manning, who made reference to her routinely forced haircuts in her statement.

Despite the fact that Manning has been allowed female hormones for years, she has been required to keep her hair no longer than two inches long. This requirement explains whyas the GoFundMe notedManning still prefers prison photos showing her with short hair rather than other images showing her wearing a wig: They capture the reality of her prison life.

That reality is about to changeand so, too, will Mannings ability to express her gender. For those who have advocated for her rights from outside of prison, Strangio included, merely watching her transition will be gratifying.

When the commutation came down [in January], I was so emotional for so many reasons, he said. But perhaps the most visceral feeling that I had in that moment was this overwhelming reliefto the point that I was feeling physical reliefjust thinking about her ability to control her body and her expression of her gender for the first time in so many years.

But it wont be too long, Strangio anticipates, before Manning reenters public life. In many ways, she never left it.

While in prison, Manning maintained an active Twitter account through her surrogates. She kept up with and commented on current events through a regular Guardian column.

Her treatment in prison drew media attention to the plight of transgender prisoners, the vast majority of whom are held in facilities that do no match their genders. As The New York Times reported in a front-page January story, Manning has been reading a diverse array of books and magazines, ranging from the Princeton Companion to Mathematics to Vanity Fair.

I look forward to her process around deciding what makes sense for her and what feels best, said Strangio. But I do feel like shes someone who thrives on engagement: intellectual engagement, emotional engagement, and just advocacy itselfand the whole driving purpose of her life in so many ways has been about service to others and service to the public.

Strangio is aware that public opinion is divided on Mannings disclosures to WikiLeaks and her subsequent conviction under the Espionage Act.

Some consider her a hero; others a traitor. YouGov / Huffington Post polling conducted in January revealed a complex public reaction to Obamas decision to commute Mannings sentence: Overall, only 33 percent of Americans approved it and 47 percent opposed.

While Democrats were far more likely to support the commutation than Republicans, a substantial 28 percent of Democrats still opposed it.

LGBT rights groups, on the other hand, have generally stood by Manning. Lambda Legal, the National LGBTQ Task Force, the National Center for Lesbian Rights, and the Transgender Law Center all signed an ACLU letter supporting her application for clemency. The National Center for Transgender Equality sent its own letter.

The Human Rights Campaign praised the commutation decision as a reflection of Presidents Obamas strong record regarding the humane treatment of prisoners and a long commitment to LGBTQ equality. The media advocacy group GLAAD has been vocal about bad reporting on Manning that misgenders her or uses outdated terminology.

But Strangio hopes that no matter what people make of Mannings actions, they will be able to recognize her core humanity and support her transition.

Whats important is honoring the person that she is and recognizing, whether people agree with what she did or not, that shes a person of deep conviction, of deep patriotism, and of deep commitment to community and to her vision of justice, he said, noting that she has suffered an unbelievable amount at the hands of our government and is living prison with so much grace and without much bitterness.

Read more: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2017/05/16/what-will-chelsea-manning-do-with-her-freedom

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Venezuela: Where supplies are few and pain is everywhere

Valencia, Venezuela (CNN)Pain is rarely worse than when it’s needless. That’s something young Daniela Chacon and much of Venezuela feels now.

Daniela’s eyes, peeking out between her pink woolen hat and surgical mask, drip tears of extreme pain. She can still feel the leg she had amputated a day earlier: a common syndrome known as “phantom limb.”
Yet this life-changing loss, one that causes her to scream as the doctors change her dressing, was needless.
Years earlier, before a government-made economic meltdown crippled the healthcare system, an early diagnosis and meager amount of chemotherapy would have been readily available in the city of Valencia and would probably have stopped Daniela’s cancer, preventing any amputation, according to her doctor.
    But in today’s Venezuela, nothing can be relied upon. And so the doctors had to remove the cancerous leg of a 14-year-old girl to save the rest of her.

      Venezuela on brink of collapse

    So much of this crisis is human made. In short, Hugo Chavez, the late president, tried to found a socialist utopia, funded by high oil prices, which had the state run everything, and banished capitalism. But when oil prices collapsed, so did the dream, and now Chavez’s successor, Nicolas Maduro, is presiding over a country where the government tells people how much they must pay for basic foodstuffs while failing to keep their state-provided wages high enough to buy that same food. Maduro has raised the country’s minimum wage six times in the last year.
    So many people are hungry that normal political processes are a thing of the past and unrest is everywhere. Street protests are frequent, met with force, and often deadly.
    Because Venezuela was not historically poor. But it certainly is now.
    For the weakest and most vulnerable like Daniela, the pain is most acute. Doctors working pro bono in this private clinic took the drastic step of amputating the leg, fearing the osteosarcoma cancer in her tibia would otherwise spread.
      Dr. Ruben Limas, changing her dressing painstakingly with his wife Rosa Silva Marthez, also a doctor, said: “It is a dramatic situation as a father, and as a doctor, to have to amputate a child’s limb when she is only 14. The survival rate in any Latin American country today would be about 70 percent, but because we lack the equipment to make early detection, it’s 30 percent.”
      Daniela’s eyes come alight when she talks of her main passion, language, and the app she found to help her learn English. But she is still struggling with the permanent change that happened just the day before.
      “It feels strange because I feel a leg that isn’t there,” she says.
      She recounts the months of suffering she endured until she got a diagnosis. She describes how her parents had to go to the capital, Caracas, to look for medicine, and how when they managed to find it, it was so expensive.
      Her thin frame is a sign of the struggle she has already endured.
      Daniela was treated in the cold, clean and tidy ward of a private clinic with staff volunteering to help those most acutely in need.
        Elsewhere in Valencia, a city two hours’ drive from Caracas, the situation is even more bleak.
        In the main public hospital, we are allowed access, albeit briefly, to see shelves empty of basic medication, appalling hygiene that medics believe has caused infections in the hospital to rise and patients who have brought their own medication.
        One man — his chest injured in the recent protests — has a crude tube draining his wound into a cut-down water bottle.
        A young anesthesiologist, Dr. Ricardo Rubio, says: “There is no precedent to the lack of medicine, the lack of medical supplies, the deterioration of the hospitals, the deterioration of the way they treat doctors.”
        Nurses chime in, complaining about the lack of basic but vital items like gloves and masks.
        Drive through the streets of Valencia and you pass signs of a society in rapid collapse. On one main road, the body of a young man still twitches after he was shot. Around him, police and pedestrians mill, listlessly, as if the event is mundane.
        Drive into the slums and the more acute nature of the lack of basic utilities emerges.
        The Dias family live next to the spillage of a sewer. Curtains draped across doorways of their cinder-block home hide some of their world from the street outside.
        Inside, they make candies from coconuts to sell and to feed themselves. It is sticky and grimy, but the day we visit is special: The family has rice for the first time in a week.
        Gayla Salazar, 30, explains the excitement of her daughters. Normally they get yucca for breakfast, but they don’t much care for the root, so even plain rice is a welcome change.
        “This is our situation,” Salazar says. “I work for myself and it’s hard for me to get other food. Things are expensive.”
        Denis Ester Dias, 58, the family matriarch, adds: “Sugar — it’s too expensive, and the coconut I bought for 1,500 bolivares.” At the exchange rate we saw on the black market, that’s only about 33 cents, but in real life for the Dias family and others, it’s astronomically expensive.
        Wages simply can’t keep up. “My husband isn’t working,” Dias says, “and what he does earn (when he is working) isn’t sufficient — 20,000 bolivares a week.” That’s about 13 coconuts.
        Dias remembers a time when life was better, but for her that was 30 years ago. For her children and especially her grandchildren, this is all they know.
        The littlest member of the family, three-year-old Jennifer, demonstrates this by proudly saying her family has pineapples. She goes to the refrigerator, opens the door and reveals it contains two of the aging fruits … and nothing else.
        Jennifer says she likes rice a lot, while her older sister Daniela concedes she misses having meat and pasta.
        Salazar adds: “I grab rice and a few eggs for the girls. When I work more, I try to get them more food. But everything is so expensive. One carton of milk is 35,000 bolivares.” That’s over 10 days’ work for the girls’ grandfather.
        Venezuela’s government has repeatedly said its problems have been exaggerated by hostile foreign media. It says the drop in oil prices and actions of opposition-friendly tycoons have added to their problems.
        For the Dias family, food isn’t the only necessity in painfully short supply. The house has no running water, so all water — to drink, to cook, to wash — must be brought in. And of course it is expensive, too.
        Dias opens the lid of a blue plastic barrel to reveal about an inch of water inside.
        “The [water] trucks haven’t gone by” for a while, she laments. “Smaller containers are hundreds of bolivares, but this,” she says, pointing to the barrel, “is 2,000 bolivares.” Just under a day’s work for her husband.
        The mathematics seem surreal, almost unfathomable. Their need is so much, prices are so high and work is so limited. But for this family, enduring dirt, hunger and poverty hourly, the impact is very real.

        Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/17/americas/venezuela-pain-and-poverty/index.html

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        Take A First Look At Our Tony’s Correspondent Iain Armitage As Young Sheldon!

        Go Iain!

        You may recognize Iain Armitage from our coverage of the Tony Awards — and now we’re so proud of him for landing the lead role on Big Bang Theory‘s spinoff, Young Sheldon!

        Iain plays an adorable nine-year-old Sheldon Cooper growing up in East Texas, which according to CBS, isn’t easy when you’re a “once-in-a-generation mind capable of advanced mathematics.”

        Get a first look in the gallery (above)!!

        You can catch him right after BBT this fall with a special one-time preview on September 25 and then every week starting November 2!

        [Image via CBS.]

        Read more: http://perezhilton.com/2017-05-17-iain-armitage-young-sheldon-first-look

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        How dare she?! The Root decries black Miss USA’s ‘problematic as hell’ comments

        Read more: http://twitchy.com/sd-3133/2017/05/16/how-dare-she-the-root-decries-black-miss-usas-problematic-as-hell-comments/

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        Celebrate Women’s History Month With 20 Women In Science Who Changed The World

        Simply put, women are amazing.

        Not only do they create and give birth to tiny humans, but they’ve proven throughout history that they’re pretty damn brave and intelligent, too. They’ve had to fight for their rights and prove themselves worthy over and over again, which is why they’re honored every March. And what better way to celebrate Women’s History Month than to introduce you to women who’ve made scientific advancements in the past as well as those who are changing the way we live now?

        Get ready to burst with pride, ladies, because these 20 women in science are too good for this world.

        1. Miriam Daniel Mann, who had a chemistry degree with a minor in mathematics, got a job at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), NASA’s predecessor, as a human computer in the 1940s. Her work helped put astronaut John Glenn into orbit, but she also fought against segregation at NASA.

        2. Cynthia Kenyon, a molecular biologist and geneticist, is currently working with a team of scientists at Calico, Google’s nascent biotechnology company, to find ways to slow aging and prevent age-related diseases. In 1993, she discovered that altering a single gene in roundworms could double their lifespan. She’s been able to discover which genes help us live longer and has a goal of extending human lives by 100 years.

        Read More: These Powerful Photos Of Women Making History Are Incredibly Inspiring

        3. Marine biologist and writer Rachel Carson published a book called, “Silent Spring” in 1962, which warned about the danger of pesticides. It had a huge historical impact and led to lethal pesticides being banned in the U.S.

        5. Social psychologist Jennifer Eberhardt studies the way people profile others based on race, specifically when it comes to law enforcement officials. She works with police to help create better policies and build better relationships with the communities they serve.

        6. Anthropologist and primatologist Dian Fossey studied and developed close contacts with the mountain gorillas of the Virunga Volcano region of Rwanda. Her studies are credited for providing the basis of our understanding of the behavior and social life of gorillas.

        7. Nina Tandon, CEO and cofounder of EpiBone, is using people’s stem cells to grow human bone that can be used to repair bone loss and other defects.

        9. Chemist and pharmacologist Gertrude B. Elion was hired by Burroughs Wellcome pharmaceuticals in 1944 and developed 6-mercaplopurine, a drug used in chemotherapy to treat children with leukemia. Among her other contributions, she developed azathioprine, which helps prevent rejection after organ transplant surgery.

        10. Mae Carol Jemison was the first black woman to travel to space in the Space Shuttle Endeavor on September 12, 1992.

        11. Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin not only became the first person to earn a Ph.D. in astronomy from Radcliffe, but she also determined in 1925 that hydrogen and helium were the most abundant elements in stars.

        12. Jane Goodall is credited for revolutionizing the field of primatology with her decades spent observing and studying the behavior of the Gombe chimpanzees in Tanzania.

        13. Mathematician Grace Murray Hopperhelped program the first computers in 1944, contributed to furthering software development concepts, and invented the first compiler for a computer programming language.

        14. Computer scientist Ada Lovelace could be considered as the world’s first computer programmer. The notes she made about Charles Babbage’s proposed calculating machines in the 1800s are nowrecognized as early models for computers and software. The programming language “Ada” was named after her.

        15. Judith Resnik was one of the first women to enter the U.S. space program and became the second American woman ever to fly in space in 1984. Unfortunately, she was one of the people who tragically died when the space shuttle Challenger exploded.

        16. Margaret Mead was the first anthropologist to study human development from a cross-cultural perspective in America, Samoa, Bali, and New Guinea. She was also a leader of the women’s movement during the 1960s.

        18. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow helped develop the the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique, which uses radioisotopes to measure levels of hormones in the human blood system. This made it possible to screen donor blood for diseases like hepatitis and it can determine conditions like hypothyroidism in infants.

        (via Eastern Illinois University and Biography and Business Insider)

        Read More: In Honor Of International Women’s Day, Here Are Some Incredible Women To Watch

        19. Emmy Noether is known as a pioneer in the field of abstract algebra who worked during the early 1900s. She developed the theories of rings, fields, and algebras, and even explained the connection between symmetry and conservation laws. Albert Einstein himself described her as the most important woman in the history of mathematics.

        20. Seismologist and geophysicist Inge Lehmann discovered that the Earth has a solid inner core inside a molten outer core in 1936, when it was believed that Earth’s core was a single molten sphere.

        Read more: http://www.viralnova.com/incredible-women/

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        Mom Pulls Gun On Other Mom At School Drop-Off Line

        A mother dropping off her child at Deer Park Elementary in Deer Park, Texas, Thursday morning apparently didnt like the way another mom was driving.

        When she confronted the other mom, the second woman responded by pulling a gun on the woman complaining, according to KPRC TV.

        (The mom) got out of her car banged on the windows, said Youre speeding in a school zone, you almost ran me over once you need to start doing better, and you know so one moms yelling at one mom and the mom in the car pulls out a gun and says Back off.

        Both of the moms children were in their respective cars at the time of the incident. No one was injured and the gun was not fired which is good, considering the drop-off zone is supposed to be gun-free.

        Police were called to the scene, but no arrests were made.

        Still the incident was scary enough that Deer Park Elementary School Principal Lisa McLaughlin felt obliged to send the following letter to parents:

        Dear Parent/Guardian,

        Im writing to inform you of an incident involving two parents that took place in the drop-off lane at Deer Park Elementary this morning. As students were being dropped off before school this morning, the two parents were involved in a disagreement. The confrontation escalated, ending with one parent pointing a firearm at the other. Other parents witnessed the disagreement, and the police were contacted and quickly arrived on the scene.

        Unfortunately, children were in both of the vehicles involved, and students were present in other nearby vehicles as well. No one was injured in the incident. In fact, the weapon was never used. But what should have been a reasonably safe drop-off process quickly became a police investigation.

        At our school, teaching students the skills and knowledge they need to be successful in life is our goal and purpose. But we dont just teach language arts or science or mathematics or fine arts. We also teach children the appropriate way to resolve conflicts. Its not unusual for there to be disagreements between students at our school, but we always encourage children to seek a peaceful end to the conflict.

        At one time or another, weve all experienced frustration while driving. But, as our students know all too well, its never a good idea to react when emotions are high. My hope is that we can all look at what happened this morning and reconsider how we deal with disagreements and anger in our lives. Conflicts such as the one that took place this morning have no place at our school. Keeping our schools safe for our children and community is our highest priority, but we cant do it alone. It takes all of us being aware of our surroundings, reporting suspicious activities, and using good judgment and restraint when disagreements arise.

        Staff members are trained through the Crisis Prevention Institute, giving them the ability to intervene using specific techniques to de-escalate a crisis situation. In this way, we are able to assure the Care, Welfare, Safety and Security for all students and staff at our school. I have included a crisis prevention resource at the link below.

        In closing, I want to thank you in advance for doing your part to keep Deer Park Elementary a place where our students feel safe and secure.


        Lisa McLaughlin

        Principal, Deer Park Elementary

        Read more: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/gun-pulled-school-drop-off_us_58c2d860e4b054a0ea6a53ae?ghr7wrk9&ncid=inblnkushpmg00000009

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        Forget health care — this startup offers cryonic freezing as an employee benefit

        Generous employee perks are as much a part of the tech industry as long work hours, office Nerf gun battles, and people overusing the word disruption. But while most firms only go so far as free meals, on-site yoga classes, and maybe the occasional indoor climbing wall, an artificial intelligence-driven hedge fund is taking things to the next level.

        The good news? Numerai‘snew employee benefit is — quite literally — the coolest one we have heard about. The bad news? You wont be able to enjoy it until youre dead.

        We are allowing employees cryonic body preservation as a benefit, Richard Craib, founder of Numerai, told Digital Trends. Employees sign up through a life insurance policy and upon legal death, the life insurance claim is handed over to cryonics provider Alcor.

        While the idea of whole-body preservation cryonics being a benefit isnt necessarily going to appeal to everyone, the hope is that it will appeal to the right kind of people, who will have something to bring to Numerai. That means folks with an interest (and, preferably, plenty of impressive qualifications) in artificial intelligence. Strong education backgrounds in mathematics and statistics are also advantageous, Craib continued.

        Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2017/05/11/forget-health-care-this-startup-offers-cryonic-freezing-as-employee-benefit.html

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