Tag: IQ

Having A Positive Attitude Really Does Help Kids Succeed In Math

If a school teacher ever sniped at you using the old adage that “attitude is everything”, you may want to go back in time and un-roll your eyes.

Researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine have just discovered a neurological pathway that connects a student’s positive attitude toward mathematics with better performance on arithmetic tests.  

“Based on our data, the unique contribution of positive attitude to math achievement is as large as the contribution from IQ,” said lead author Lang Chen, PhD, in a statement. The paper, published in Psychological Science, notes that this effect appears to be independent of other factors that impact math performance.

This is not the first investigation into the effect of attitude on mathematics–educational researchers have been trying for decades to understand how motivation, cognitive ability, and teaching style interplay in regards to a student’s academic achievement. Previous groups have observed that children who are interested in math and perceive themselves to be good at it tend to fare better on tests than those with opposing views.

Such data presents a chicken and the egg puzzle: Are children eager and confident to learn math due to their inherent intellectual capabilities, or does realizing that you have an aptitude for something ignite a spark of interest?

The Stanford team hypothesized the answer is a little bit of both.

“We think the relationship between positive attitude and math achievement is mutual, bi-directional,” Chen said. “We think it’s like bootstrapping: A good attitude opens the door to high achievement, which means you then have a better attitude, getting you into a good circle of learning. And it can probably go the other way and be a vicious circle, too.”

To assess the relationship between mental state and cognition, Chen’s team used questionnaires to establish IQ, reading ability, working memory capacity, and general demographics for 240 children aged 7 to 10 years. The kids’ attitude and level of anxiety toward math, plus their perception of their math ability, was also assessed using surveys given to them and their parents. Actual math aptitude was measured by a test composed of math word problems and facts about arithmetic.

Next, 47 of the 240 children and 28 control children were given math problems to solve while undergoing real-time MRI scans.

An example of a functional MRI taken during an unrelated working memory test. Wikimedia Commons

The images showed that children with positive math attitudes had increased activation in the hippocampus, a brain area that plays a major role in learning and fact-based memory.

Interestingly, activation of brain’s reward centers—areas that use dopamine messaging to condition you to seek appealing stimuli such as food, drugs and social interaction—was not associated with positive math attitude. Several existing education theories speculate that the intermediate between math attitude and success in the subject is motivation in the form of feel-good hits of dopamine from the amygdala and ventral striatum.

“Instead, we saw that if you have a strong interest and self-perceived ability in math, it results in enhanced memory and more efficient engagement of the brain’s problem-solving capacities,” said senior author Vinod Menon, PhD.

Though it is not entirely surprising to know that passion and excitement for an academic subject make you more likely to succeed, it’s nice to learn more about the underlying brain processes. Moreover, Dr Menon hopes these findings could eventually lead to better interventions for students who are struggling.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/brain/having-a-positive-attitude-really-does-help-kids-succeed-in-math/

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Scientists Discover 40 New Genes Linked To Intelligence

As the great debate over nurture versus nature continues, a team of geneticists have identified 40 new genes that have a direct influence over human intelligence. Writing in the journal Nature Genetics, the team conclude that there are now at least 52 genes that have a direct influence on a persons IQ.

Analyzing the genomes of 60,000 adults and 20,000 children, the team led by the Free University of Amsterdam found that these 40 new genes guide the construction of healthy neurons, as well as the synapse connections that branch between them.

Its likely that there are hundreds of additional genes that have an influence over IQ, so although this study represents the biggest haul yet in this regard, theres still a long way to go before the cartography of our cognitive abilities is complete.

The team note that these 40 new genes, when all other factors are ruled out, explain just 4.8 percent of the variation in human intelligence seen over their subjects. If 50 percent of a persons IQ can be explained genetically, then this means that there is a huge chasm of knowledge that geneticists have yet to fill.

These findings provide starting points for understanding the molecular neurobiological mechanisms underlying intelligence, one of the most investigated traits in humans, the authors write in their study.

Just to clarify straight off the bat these genes have an influence on intelligence, but environmental factors, including lifestyle, healthcare, socio-economic background, education, and so on also have a huge effect.

Furthermore, IQ tests two types of cognitive facets known as crystallized intelligence and fluid intelligence.

The former is the ability of a person to solve puzzles or answer questions when the parameters of the problem have already been understood or conveyed clearly mathematics is a good example of this. Fluid intelligence is the ability to solve brand new and more abstract problems, like navigating a maze, spotting hidden patterns, or even weaving through a conversation with a complete stranger.

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Ooh! There’s one. (Note: This is not how science is actually done.) vchal/Shutterstock

There are plenty of other types of intelligence, including emotional intelligence the ability to empathize, to regulate ones own emotions, and to handle interpersonal relationships well. IQ does not take this into account, and neither do these 52 genes.

This study also only looked at the genomes of those with European descent. Other research groups will have to peer into the genetic makeup of those from other geographical settings to see if the same genes are present all over the world.

In any case, this is a remarkable study that represents a giant leap forward in our understanding of what has been referred to as the architecture of intelligence. Its a tall mountain to climb, but another ledge has just been scaled by this research team.

[H/T: Guardian]

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-discover-40-new-genes-linked-intelligence/

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Can You Make It Easier For Your Child To Learn Math?

Quite often our children struggle with learning math. It’s easy to blame their teachers in school, but perhaps there is something that YOU can do to help your child learn math. I found this article by Edgar Callanan on ezine articles and wanted to share it with you. With a little “out of the box” thinking, your child may find it much easier to learn math! Check it out!

The Role of Parents in Helping Their Child Learn Math Easily

By Edgar Callanan

Children have often found math to be a challenging, and sometimes, downright impossible to manage subject. This has led to the development of the notion that math is a thing to be loathed and avoided at all costs. The irony in this has been that the proponents of this fallacy are in fact trying to cover up their lack of understanding of mathematics by saying that it is a torturous subject by default. Math is a wondrous branch of knowledge that has provided concrete backing for the theorems and laws of almost all branches of science. Mathematical expression, followed by relevant mathematical laws, has become a much preferred strategy to prove or disprove a proposed theory.

However, the importance of mathematics, the way it has been described above, is not the best way to encourage a child to learn the subject, not by a long shot. The best way to inspire a child to do anything is to make it interesting. Parents have been advised by educational consultants that the optimal way to make a child learn math is to provide activities such as flashcards and educational puzzles to pique their kid’s interest in the subject. These days, this has been made especially easy because of all the online mathematical challenges and games available for students of all ages – not only will this help your child grasp the concepts of mathematics easily, but it has been proven to be a great way to boost their IQ as well. Ideally, parents have been recommended to sit with their children when they are doing these activities, and assist, encourage and reward them as needed – a little bit of attention and appreciation from a parent can go a long way in encouraging a child to do something and bolstering their confidence.

Parents have also been advised to keep a close eye on the academic progress of their child in the subject. Children whose parents have sat with them while they are doing their homework, or preparing for a test, have shown vastly improved results. If your child is having difficulty in grasping a concept, make a sincere effort to remove their confusion and clear their mind, and if this isn’t manageable, try to procure the assistance of a professional tutor for the subject, or at the very least, a friend or relative who is good at mathematics. Aside from clearing the child’s concept, this will also increase their confidence when they realize that their parents are there to help them overcome their academic difficulties – the knowledge that there is a reliable expert who can help them get past their educational hurdles has been proven to improve a child’s ability to learn the concepts of any subject, not just mathematics.

Lastly, parents have been emphatically advised by psychiatrists and education experts to never discourage or criticize their child when they make a mistake in the process of learning – it is a sure shot way to seriously impair their child’s ability to learn anything in the future.
It is the duty of parents to ensure that their child does well in studies, and by following the advice presented above, they can certainly help their child out in math.

Learn and Practice math online is made easy by iPracticeMath which provides best solutions and worksheets for practice from grade1 to grade12.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Edgar_Callanan

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/8056066

So as you can see, sometimes just a little attention can go a long way! If however, your child needs more help than that little bit of attention, we are here to help! Please check us out at:

Mathnasium of Cherry Hill
 
 

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Do You Need To Learn Math To Be A Genius?

Most of us probably think that in order to qualify as a genius you need to have a great mathematical mind, right? But this is not really the truth! In my quest for knowledge, I was reading an interesting article today that I want to share with all of you. I believe you’ll find it interesting.
 

Find Your Genius

 

“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”~ Albert Einstein

Did you know that everybody is a genius? I love this quote by Einstein because it points out a false belief that is pervasive in our culture—that genius is defined by a certain type of IQ which has to do with reading and math. But defining IQ by reading and math when your genius lies in a totally different direction is like judging a fish by its ability to climb a tree—it makes no sense at all.

When I was in school, we all had to take IQ tests and our intelligence was judged by how we did on the test. One of my friends didn’t do well and was devastated by it. However, a smart teacher took her under her wing and helped her to find her genius—the calling of her soul—which had to do with her emotional intelligence and her ability to help others. This friend went on to receive her Ph.D. in psychology! So what was the IQ test measuring? Certainly not her genius.

Are You Afraid to Find Your Genius?

Are you afraid that you will have to change your whole life, such as quit your job or move to another place, in order to express your soul’s desire—your genius? Be assured that your genius doesn’t have to be your work. If your work is fine just the way it is, but doesn’t make your heart sing, then you can seek to express your genius in your off-work time.

You might find over time that, by following the river of joy within your soul, your genius leads you into new and fulfilling work, a deeper calling. But unless you are miserable in your work, there is no hurry for this transition to occur.

Finding Your Genius

I often help my clients tune into their unique genius, and I’d love to be of help to you as well.

You find your genius by paying attention what brings a smile to your face, what enlivens you, what feels like pure fun to you—even if it is hard.

Start by letting go of any preconceived ideas about what you are ‘supposed’ to be good at, and tune into what you are good at. What comes easy to you, or what is hard but excites you? What do you love to do? How do you love to spend your time? How did you love to spend your time when you were a child? What could you spend hours doing and never notice the passage of time?

When you do something from your soul,

You feel a river moving in you,

a joy. ~Rumi

Take these words in, for it is this joy of the river moving within you that is your unique genius—what your soul essence came to this planet to offer and express.

Are you more left-brain than right, or more right-brain than left? Does math bore you, but you come alive when you do something creative? Do you love helping people? Does being in nature move you? Do you love participating in physical things—sports, running, hiking, skiing and so on? Do you love being in groups or are you more of a one-to-one person? Do you have great organizational skills? Are you great with animals? Does history or science fascinate you? These are just a few of the questions you can ask to begin to discover your genius.

You are never too old to discover your genius. One of my acquaintances spent his whole working life in finance and he did extremely well. He liked it but didn’t love it. After he retired he became a photographer and found the joy of the river moving within him. One of my clients, who was also very successful in finance, found his genius in being an organic gardener. It’s interesting to me that both these men did extremely well in their chosen profession, but what they did never moved their soul. Pursuing what they are passionate about does.

By: Margaret Paul, Ph. D.

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Margaret Paul, Ph.D. is a best-selling author of 8 books, relationship expert, and co-creator of the powerful Inner Bonding® process – featured on Oprah, and recommended by actress Lindsay Wagner and singer Alanis Morissette. Are you are ready to heal your pain and discover your joy? Click here for a FREE Inner Bonding Course, and visit our website at www.innerbonding.com for more articles and help. Phone and Skype Sessions Available. Join the thousands we have already helped and visit us now!

 
 
So you see it’s true! Learning math is not required for you to be a genius. We are all different with different abilities. So go and find your challenges and explore where your genius may be. If you find along the way that you’d like help with math, we are here and always happy to help!
 
Have a great day!
 
 

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